Philip the Handsome of Austria was born in the year 1478 in Bruges; what is now a part of Belgium. His mother was Mary of Burgundy, (Mary the Rich), whose crucial marriage to archduke Maximilian (later to become Holy Roman Emperor) resulted in Hapsburg control of the Low Countries and thus Luxembourg. Unfortunately his mother, who was apparently fond of stag hunting with a crossbow, died when he was only four in a riding accident.
When Philip was eighteen years old he took on rulership of the inherited Burgundian lands himself, although as a youth he was known to be irresponsible and lazy. Philip carried himself in a blithe manner. With his long nose and athletic figure, he put forth a boyish exuberance and shunned any form of unpleasantness where he could.
In 1496 he married Joanna (Juana), the daughter of Ferdinand of AragonAn autonomous region in northeastern Spain, bounded on the north by the Pyrenees and on the east by Catalonia and Valencia; capital, Saragossa. Formerly an independent kingdom, it was united with Catalonia in 1137 and with Castile in 1479. and Isabella of CastileA region in central Spain, on the central plateau of the Iberian peninsula, formerly an independent Spanish kingdom. ORIGIN from French Castille, from Spanish Castilla., in Lier Belgium. Juana, who was often sick as a child, had developed into a sullen, reserved young woman, aloof and emotionally unstable. She was well educated, hardworking, and spoke fluently in Latin. She could play the guitar and clavichord, and was well read.
This was to be a politically arranged marriage that sought to strengthen Spain through Portugal against the French An entire fleet of ships carrying some 22,000 persons accompanied Juana across the ocean from Spain, an ill fated winter voyage costing 3 ships.
By the time she arrived she was seasick and suffering from a terrible cold. Philip sent his sister Margaret to welcome her, himself being disinterested. However, at their first encounter they were immediately smitten with each other, demanding that they be married on the spot. For Philip, whose past-times included mostly drinking, philandering, and feasting, his attraction was mostly carnal, but Juana, naive in her expectations of court marriage, was utterly infatuated with her new husband.
An official wedding ceremony was held the day after her arrival. The next four years were of their marriage was marred by Philip’s infidelity, and jealous fits of rage and fainting fits from Juana. Philip avoided his wife for days at a time. Juana would cry and lament nightly, throwing herself against the walls. She and her servants were often in want of money; her treasurer taking her income to bribe the Flemish. Emissaries from Spain sent by Isabelle concluded that she was unfit to exert any Spanish influence in the Netherlands. During this period Juana gave birth to a son and a daughter. Eleanor in 1498, and Charles in 1500.
In 1501 Philip and Juana were summoned back to Spain. Ferdinand and Isabella no doubt wanted to reconnoiter their position after the recent loss of their only male heir to the Spanish Crown, the son of her sister Isabel, (who also died), and her elder brother. This left Juana as sole heiress to Spain, Mexico, Peru, and the whole of the Caribbean!
Philip had a lousy time in Spain. The continual religious rituals, the awful heat, and the fact that Spanish kept all the women hidden away somewhere, sent Philip running and screaming back to Flanders. Juana’s sanity seemed to worsen under the cold discipline of her mother. Indeed, when she attempted to fly after Philip she was imprisoned by her mother in Castle La Mota. Isabella would not hear of Juana’s rejoining Philip until she had been properly tutored in Queenship. Juana, who tried to escape but was thwarted by her mother, went from periods of brooding silence to frenzied fits of rage.
In 1503 Juana gave birth to baby Ferdinand, and in 1504 at her mother’s pardon she was allowed to return to Flanders. When she arrived in Flanders she found Philip had taken a mistress. She seized the woman and proceeded to cut off her hair. Philip struck Juana in the face and she retired to her room for several days. This time she concocted a scheme devised by her hand maidens involving love potions, and hunger strikes. Philip ordered her servants to leave. He does this, she does that, they make up, they break up. The battle waged on until 1506 when they were both ordered back to Spain again.
Juana’s mother had died in 1504 and she had been proclaimed Queen of CastileA region in central Spain, on the central plateau of the Iberian peninsula, formerly an independent Spanish kingdom. ORIGIN from French Castille, from Spanish Castilla.. Both Ferdinand and Philip pressured her to give over control to them, arguing that she was more insane then either of them put together. They secretly moved to have her declared incompetent, but they were found out and she was furious.
Then in September of 1506 Philip fell ill for six days and died at Burgos. He was 28 years old. Scholars assert that Philip was most likely poisoned by Ferdinand. Juana, who had sat at his side up until he died turned into a complete crackpot. She refused to leave his corpse but for short periods and she wore only black. Philip’s coffin was eventually moved to a monastery, but five weeks later she had him exhumed amid rumors that for some crazy reason his body might have been stolen. She tried to kiss his very dead feet and had to be forcibly removed from the tomb.
When a plague broke out in Burgos she decided to make off for Torquemada, take the coffin with her, and leave it en-route at Granada. There she was compelled again to check to make sure he was still in there.
She had the coffin guarded by armed escorts, and other women were warned to keep away. Traveling only at night, resting at monasteries whilst avoiding nunneries, she moved along stopping finally at a small village where, refusing the help of mid-wives, she gave birth to a daughter, Catalina. By this time Ferdinand had ordered her back home where she was once again locked up in the castle. But before she left she had the coffin opened just one more time, just to make absolutely sure that Philip, the very likely not-so-handsome-anymore, was still in there. And sure enough…they found he hadn’t gone anywhere!
Juana lived out the rest of her life in Tordesillas caring for her young daughter Catalina. Her son Charles became King when Ferdinand died in 1516. Charles, who visited his mother twice, was distressed at the state of his sister who was clad in a sheepskin coat, and whose only amusement was to look out the window. She died on April 13th, 1555. Juana lived to be 75 years old, out living Philip by 50 years.